How Do I Choose The Right Bedding For Small Mammal Cages?

Choosing the right bedding for your small mammal’s cage is crucial to ensuring their comfort and overall well-being. Whether you have a hamster, gerbil, or guinea pig, providing them with the right bedding not only creates a cozy and safe environment, but also helps to maintain their hygiene. With so many options available in the market, it can be overwhelming to make the right choice. From paper-based bedding to wood shavings, each type has its own pros and cons. In this article, we will explore different factors to consider when selecting bedding for small mammal cages and provide you with valuable insights to help you make an informed decision.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Bedding

When it comes to choosing bedding for small mammal cages, there are several factors that you should take into consideration to ensure the comfort and well-being of your furry friend. Here are the key factors to keep in mind:


One of the most important factors to consider when choosing bedding for your small mammal is comfort. Just like humans, these little creatures appreciate a cozy and comfortable place to rest and sleep. The right bedding should provide ample cushioning and support for your pet. It should be soft enough to prevent any discomfort or pressure sores on their delicate bodies.


Another crucial factor to consider is the absorbency of the bedding. Small mammals, such as hamsters, guinea pigs, and rabbits, have a tendency to urinate frequently. Therefore, the bedding you choose should be able to effectively absorb moisture, preventing it from accumulating and causing unpleasant odors or bacterial growth. Opting for highly absorbent bedding will help keep your pet’s living area clean and fresh.

Odor Control

Odor control is an essential consideration when selecting bedding for small mammal cages. Animals that live in confined spaces are prone to developing odors due to their waste. Choosing bedding that has good odor control properties can help minimize unpleasant smells and create a more pleasant environment for both you and your pet. Look for bedding that has built-in odor absorption capabilities or consider using additional odor control products, such as baking soda or deodorizers, if necessary.


If you or a family member have allergies, it’s important to choose bedding that is hypoallergenic or minimizes the risk of triggering any allergic reactions. Some small mammals, especially those with fur, may produce dander or have bedding materials that can exacerbate allergies. Opting for bedding made from materials that are less likely to cause allergies, such as paper-based bedding or fleece liners, can be a safer choice for both you and your pet.


The safety of your small mammal is of paramount importance. When selecting bedding, ensure that it is free from any potentially harmful substances or chemicals. Avoid bedding materials with strong odors or that emit dust particles, as these can be harmful to your pet’s respiratory system. Additionally, be cautious of bedding with loose or sharp fibers that could pose a danger to your small mammal. Always opt for bedding that is specifically designed for small mammals to minimize any potential risks.

Types of Bedding for Small Mammal Cages

Now that you are aware of the important factors to consider when choosing bedding for your small mammal, let’s explore some of the popular options available:

Wood Shavings

Wood shavings are one of the most commonly used bedding materials for small mammal cages. They are typically made from various types of wood, such as pine or cedar. Wood shavings provide good cushioning and absorbency, making them suitable for animals that urinate frequently. However, it’s important to use kiln-dried wood shavings, as pine and cedar shavings can release aromatic oils that may be harmful to your pet’s respiratory system.

Paper-Based Bedding

Paper-based bedding is an excellent alternative to traditional wood shavings. It is typically made from recycled paper materials and is highly absorbent. Paper-based bedding is dust-free, making it a great option for animals with respiratory sensitivities. It also tends to have good odor control properties, keeping your pet’s cage smelling fresh. However, paper-based bedding may not provide as much cushioning as other materials, so it’s important to ensure that additional nesting materials are available for your pet’s comfort.

Aspen Shavings

Aspen shavings are another popular choice for small mammal bedding. They are made from aspen wood and are known for their softness and absorbency. Aspen shavings are a good option for animals with respiratory sensitivities, as they are virtually dust-free. They also have good odor control properties, helping to keep your pet’s living area fresh. However, compared to other bedding materials, aspen shavings can be relatively expensive, so they may not be the most cost-effective option for large cages or multiple pets.

Corn Cob Bedding

Corn cob bedding is a natural and biodegradable option that provides good cushioning and absorbency. It is made from crushed corn cobs and is known for its soft texture. Corn cob bedding is less likely to stick to your pet’s fur compared to other bedding materials. However, it’s important to note that corn cob bedding may not offer the best odor control, so regular cleaning and maintenance are necessary to prevent any unpleasant smells.

Fleece Liners

Fleece liners are becoming increasingly popular for small mammal bedding. They are made from soft, synthetic fleece material that mimics the feel of cuddly blankets. Fleece liners are highly absorbent and offer excellent cushioning for your pet. They are reusable, making them a cost-effective option in the long run. Additionally, fleece liners are dust-free and hypoallergenic, making them a great choice for animals with respiratory sensitivities. However, it’s important to note that fleece liners require regular cleaning to maintain hygiene and odor control.

Alternative Bedding Options

While the previous section covered some of the most commonly used bedding materials, it’s worth mentioning a few alternative options that you may consider:


Hay is often used as both bedding and a food source for small mammals. It is a natural and edible option that provides some cushioning and insulation. However, hay tends to be less absorbent compared to other bedding materials, so it may require more frequent changing to maintain cleanliness.

Shredded Paper

Shredded paper can be a cost-effective and readily available bedding option for small mammal cages. It is easy to replace and offers decent absorbency. However, shredded paper may not provide as much insulation or odor control compared to other bedding materials.

Coconut Fiber

Coconut fiber, also known as coconut coir, is an eco-friendly option that provides good cushioning and insulation. It is highly absorbent and has good odor control properties. However, coconut fiber may be more expensive and less readily available compared to other bedding options.

Cloth Bedding

Cloth bedding, such as cotton or flannel, can provide a cozy and comfortable resting area for small mammals. It is soft and offers good insulation. However, cloth bedding may not be as absorbent as other materials and will require more frequent washing to prevent odor buildup.

Proper Bedding Maintenance

Proper maintenance of the bedding in your small mammal’s cage is crucial to ensure their health and well-being. Here are some tips for maintaining a clean and hygienic bedding environment:

Regular Cleaning

Regular cleaning of your pet’s cage is essential to prevent the buildup of waste and bacteria. Remove any soiled bedding daily and replace it with fresh bedding as needed. Wipe down any dirty surfaces and ensure that your pet’s living area is kept tidy.

Spot Cleaning

In addition to regular cleaning, it’s important to spot clean your pet’s cage as needed. Remove any leftover food, droppings, or urine spots to prevent odors and maintain cleanliness. Spot cleaning can help extend the lifespan of the bedding between complete cage cleanings.

Complete Cage Cleaning

Perform a complete cage cleaning on a regular basis, typically every 1-2 weeks. Remove all bedding, wash the cage thoroughly with a pet-safe cleaner, and replace with fresh bedding. This will help eliminate any accumulated odors and bacteria.

Frequency of Bedding Changes

The frequency of bedding changes will depend on the type of bedding you choose and your pet’s habits. Some bedding materials, such as wood shavings, may require more frequent changes to maintain cleanliness and odor control. Monitor your pet’s cage regularly and adjust the frequency of bedding changes accordingly.


Choosing the right bedding for your small mammal’s cage is essential for their comfort, health, and overall well-being. Consider factors such as comfort, absorbency, odor control, allergies, and safety when making your decision. Wood shavings, paper-based bedding, aspen shavings, corn cob bedding, and fleece liners are all viable options, each with its own pros and cons. Additionally, there are alternative bedding options, such as hay, shredded paper, coconut fiber, and cloth bedding, to cater to different preferences and needs. Proper bedding maintenance, including regular cleaning and spot cleaning, is essential to maintain a clean and hygienic living environment for your small mammal. By taking these factors and recommendations into account, you can ensure that your furry friend has a cozy and comfortable place to call home.