A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diets

A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diets

Are you a proud owner of a bearded dragon? If so, it is essential to know what kind of food will keep your scaly friend healthy and thriving. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various elements of bearded dragon diets, providing you with valuable insights into their nutritional needs. From crunchy vegetables to protein-packed insects – we’ve got you covered. So sit back, relax, and embark on a journey to nourishing your bearded dragon with the best dietary options available.

Feeding Schedule

A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diets


When it comes to feeding your bearded dragon, it’s important to establish a regular feeding schedule. Typically, adult bearded dragons should be fed once a day, while juvenile dragons require more frequent meals, about two to three times a day. By following a consistent feeding routine, you’ll ensure that your dragon receives the necessary nutrition to thrive.

Proper Portions

Understanding the right portion sizes for your bearded dragon is crucial. Juvenile dragons should be offered as much food as they can consume within a 10-15 minute timeframe, while adult dragons require portion control to avoid overeating and weight gain. A good rule of thumb is to provide an amount of food that is roughly the size of the space between their eyes.

Meal Time

Bearded dragons are diurnal reptiles that are most active during the day. Therefore, it’s best to offer their meals during daylight hours when they are naturally awake and alert. Avoid feeding them during the late evening or night when they are more likely to be inactive or preparing for sleep. Keeping a consistent mealtime routine also helps with their digestion.

Feeding Tips

To ensure a healthy and enjoyable feeding experience for your bearded dragon, here are a few helpful tips. Firstly, always wash their food thoroughly to remove any pesticides or harmful chemicals. Secondly, consider using feeding dishes or platforms to prevent potential substrate ingestion during mealtime. Lastly, observe your dragon’s eating habits and adjust the feeding routine or diet accordingly if any concerns arise.

Main Food Sources


A well-balanced diet for your bearded dragon should consist of a variety of vegetables. These leafy greens are an excellent source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals that aid in digestion and overall health. Some popular choices include kale, collard greens, and mustard greens. However, be cautious with spinach and lettuce, as they contain substances that can hinder calcium absorption.


While fruits should be offered in moderation due to their higher sugar content, they provide essential vitamins and natural sugars as a source of energy for your bearded dragon. Berries, such as blueberries and raspberries, offer antioxidants, while melons like watermelon and cantaloupe provide hydration. Citrus fruits, papaya, and other fleshy fruits can be a tasty addition to their diet.


Bearded dragons are omnivores and rely on a diet that includes insects to fulfill their protein needs. Crickets, dubia roaches, mealworms, superworms, and black soldier fly larvae are excellent options. Offering a variety of insect choices ensures a diverse nutrient profile for your dragon. Before introducing insects, make sure to gut-load them with nutritious foods to maximize their nutritional value.

Commercial Food

Commercial food, such as pellets, can be a convenient option for providing additional nutrition to your bearded dragon. Pellets are formulated specifically for reptiles and often contain a blend of vegetables, fruits, and proteins. It’s important to choose high-quality, reputable brands that offer a well-balanced diet. These pellets can be fed alone or combined with fresh foods for a more varied diet.


Supplements play a crucial role in maintaining the health and vitality of your bearded dragon. Calcium, vitamin D3, and multivitamins are commonly used to complement their diet. Calcium is essential for bone growth and muscle function, while vitamin D3 aids in calcium absorption. Multivitamins provide a wide range of vitamins and minerals, supporting their overall well-being. Consult a veterinarian for guidance on proper supplementation quantities and schedules.


Leafy Greens

Leafy greens are a staple in a bearded dragon’s vegetable diet and provide essential vitamins and minerals. Some popular choices include kale, collard greens, mustard greens, dandelion greens, and turnip greens. Be creative and offer a variety of greens to ensure a well-rounded nutrient intake. Always thoroughly wash the greens to remove any pesticides or dirt before feeding your dragon.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables can be a nutritious addition to your bearded dragon’s diet. Carrots, sweet potatoes, and parsnips can be shredded, grated, or cut into small manageable pieces. Remember to cook these vegetables before serving to enhance their digestibility and nutrient availability. However, root vegetables should be offered in moderation due to their higher sugar content.


Squash is another excellent vegetable option for your bearded dragon. Both yellow squash and zucchini are rich in water content, making them hydrating and easily digestible. These vegetables can be steamed or boiled to soften them, making it easier for your dragon to consume and digest. Squash also provides vitamins A and C, further supporting your dragon’s health.

Bell Peppers

Bell peppers, whether they are red, green, or yellow, offer vibrant colors and a mild taste that many bearded dragons enjoy. Rich in vitamins A and C, bell peppers contribute to your dragon’s overall well-being. Remove the seeds and slice the peppers into thin strips before giving them to your dragon. It’s best to provide a variety of colors to provide a range of important nutrients.

Other Vegetables

In addition to the greens, root vegetables, squash, and bell peppers, there are several other vegetables that can safely be included in your bearded dragon’s diet. These include broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, snap peas, and okra. Be sure to chop or slice these vegetables into small, bite-sized pieces to make them easier for your dragon to consume. Always monitor their response to new vegetables to ensure they tolerate them well.



Berries are a tasty and nutritious addition to your bearded dragon’s diet. Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries offer antioxidants and natural sweetness. However, remember to offer them in moderation due to their higher sugar content. Slicing berries into smaller pieces makes them more manageable for your dragon to eat, especially for juicier varieties like strawberries.


Melons are a refreshing treat for your bearded dragon and can help provide hydration. Watermelon, cantaloupe, and honeydew melons are safe options. Remove the seeds, rind, and any tough fibers before cutting the melon into small pieces. Be cautious not to offer too much melon, as they have higher water content and sugars. Moderation is key to maintaining a balanced diet.

Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruits, and tangerines, can be given to your bearded dragon in small amounts. These fruits offer vitamin C and a tangy flavor that some bearded dragons enjoy. However, avoid feeding the acidic parts, such as the peels and seeds, as they can cause digestive issues. Offer small, peeled citrus segments and observe your dragon’s response.


Papaya is a tropical fruit that is beneficial for your bearded dragon. Rich in vitamins A and C, papaya aids in digestion and contributes to overall health. Remove the seeds and slice the fruit into small, bite-sized pieces. Alternatively, you can mash the papaya to create a puree if your dragon prefers this texture. Introduce papaya gradually and monitor their response.

Other Fruits

Apart from berries, melons, citrus fruits, and papaya, you can expand your bearded dragon’s fruit options to include apple, pear, kiwi, mango, and banana. Remember to remove any seeds or pits, and cut the fruit into manageable sizes. Fruits should be considered as occasional treats due to their sugar content. Moderation is key to providing a balanced diet.



Crickets are a popular staple food for bearded dragons due to their high protein content. They are readily available and easy to breed, making them a convenient option. Before feeding crickets to your dragon, it’s crucial to gut-load them with nutritious foods like leafy greens or commercial cricket diets. Dusting the crickets with calcium powder before serving enhances their nutritional value.

A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diets

Dubia Roaches

Dubia roaches are becoming increasingly popular as an insect feeder for reptiles. They provide a balanced nutrient profile, are easy to digest, and have a lower chitin-to-protein ratio compared to other insects. This makes them an excellent option for bearded dragons. Ensure the dubia roaches are appropriately sized for your dragon’s age and offer them in a shallow dish or with feeding tongs.


Mealworms are larvae of the darkling beetle and are readily available in most pet stores. They are a good source of protein for bearded dragons. However, it’s important to note that mealworms have a tough exoskeleton, which can cause impaction if eaten in excess. To minimize this risk, avoid offering mealworms to juvenile dragons and ensure they are properly sized for consumption.


Superworms are larger than mealworms and can be a suitable choice for adult bearded dragons. They have a soft exoskeleton and are rich in protein, making them a nutritious meal option. As with other insects, ensure the superworms are an appropriate size for your dragon’s consumption. Additionally, it’s essential to offer a varied diet and not rely solely on superworms for protein.

Black Soldier Fly Larvae

Black soldier fly larvae, or BSFL for short, are an excellent alternative to other insects. They have a high protein content, low fat, and calcium to phosphorus ratio ideal for bearded dragons. BSFL are soft-bodied and rich in essential nutrients, making them easy to digest. They can be offered fresh or dried. Whether you choose to include BSFL as a primary or occasional insect, your bearded dragon will benefit from their nutritional value.

Commercial Food


Commercial food pellets designed specifically for bearded dragons can be a convenient option for providing additional nutrition. These pellets typically contain a blend of vegetables, fruits, and proteins to meet the dietary needs of your dragon. When choosing pellets, opt for reputable brands that use high-quality ingredients. Just remember that pellets should not be the sole source of their diet and should be balanced with fresh foods.

Bearded Dragon Juvenile Diet

Some commercial food brands create specific formulations for juvenile bearded dragons. These diets are enriched with the necessary nutrients for growth and development during this crucial stage. They are often smaller in size and easier to consume for younger dragons. Be sure to follow the feeding instructions provided by the manufacturer and slowly incorporate fresh foods as your dragon grows.

Bearded Dragon Adult Diet

As your bearded dragon reaches adulthood, their dietary needs change. Adult commercial food options are formulated to provide the appropriate balance of nutrients for maintaining optimal health in mature dragons. These diets often have larger pellet sizes suitable for adult dragons. While commercial food can suffice, it’s important to offer a varied diet with fresh vegetables, fruits, and insects.

Balancing Commercial Food with Fresh Food

While commercial food can provide a convenient and balanced source of nutrition, it should not replace fresh foods entirely. To ensure a well-rounded diet, combine commercial food with a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits. This combination offers a range of essential vitamins, minerals, and natural fibers that are beneficial to your bearded dragon’s overall health. Fresh foods also provide enrichment through different textures and flavors.



Calcium is a vital mineral for the proper growth and functioning of your bearded dragon’s bones, muscles, and overall health. Dusting your dragon’s food with a calcium supplement is crucial, especially for insects and vegetables. Use a calcium powder specifically formulated for reptiles and apply it to their food before each feeding session. This helps compensate for any deficiencies in their diet and ensures sufficient calcium intake.

Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 is essential for calcium absorption and utilization in your dragon’s body. Bearded dragons naturally produce vitamin D3 through their skin when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or special reptile UVB bulbs. However, providing a vitamin D3 supplement is still important to ensure adequate absorption of calcium. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate dosage and frequency based on your dragon’s individual needs.

A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diets


Multivitamins are a blend of additional essential vitamins and minerals that support your bearded dragon’s overall health. They act as insurance in case there are any gaps or fluctuations in their diet. Multivitamins should be used sparingly and in addition to a well-balanced diet and appropriate supplementation of calcium and vitamin D3. Follow the guidelines provided by the manufacturer or consult a veterinarian for proper usage.

How and When to Use Supplements

When it comes to using supplements, it’s important to follow the recommended guidelines provided by the manufacturer. Most supplements are dusted onto the food shortly before feeding. Some supplements, such as those containing vitamin D3, may need to be used less frequently to avoid overdose. Always consult with a reptile veterinarian to determine the appropriate dosage and frequency based on your specific dragon’s needs.

Feeding Behavior


Bearded dragons have an innate hunting instinct despite being captive animals. Stimulate this natural behavior by presenting live insects for them to chase and catch. This not only provides mental and physical stimulation but also mimics their natural hunting behavior in the wild. However, be cautious during feeding to ensure the safety of both your bearded dragon and the prey.

Food Preferences

Just like humans, bearded dragons have their own individual tastes and preferences when it comes to food. While some dragons may be more open to trying new foods, others can be pickier eaters. It’s essential to offer a variety of vegetables, fruits, and insects to ensure a balanced diet. If your dragon is hesitant to try certain foods, experiment with different preparation methods or try mixing them with more enticing food options.

Temperature and Feeding

Bearded dragons are ectothermic animals, meaning they rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. It’s crucial to maintain the appropriate temperature range within their enclosure, including their basking spot, digestion area, and overall ambient temperature. Optimal temperatures promote proper digestion and metabolism, ensuring your dragon can effectively break down and absorb the nutrients from their food.

Signs of Overeating or Underfeeding

Monitoring your bearded dragon’s feeding behavior is vital to prevent overeating or underfeeding. Some signs of overeating may include excessive weight gain, bloating, or regurgitation. On the other hand, signs of underfeeding may manifest as weight loss, lethargy, or decreased appetite. It’s important to strike a balance and adjust portion sizes accordingly based on your dragon’s age, activity level, and health condition.


Importance of Hydration

Hydration is crucial for the overall health and proper body function of your bearded dragon. Maintaining sufficient water intake is necessary for digestion, thermoregulation, shedding, and organ function. Dehydration can lead to serious health concerns. To ensure hydration, provide access to clean water and offer moisture-rich foods like fruits and vegetables. Proper hydration is essential to support your dragon’s well-being.

Water Bowl

Bearded dragons should have access to a shallow, stable water bowl at all times. The water bowl should be cleaned regularly to prevent bacterial growth and contamination. While bearded dragons typically obtain most of their hydration from the food they consume, they may occasionally drink from the water bowl. Ensure the water is fresh, clean, and changed daily to promote their overall hydration.


In addition to providing a water bowl, misting your bearded dragon’s enclosure can serve multiple purposes. Misting provides humidity, essential for proper shedding, and can also encourage them to drink water droplets from their environment. Use a clean spray bottle to mist the enclosure, focusing on the plants and decorations where your dragon may interact. Avoid misting directly onto your dragon to prevent stress.


Bathing your bearded dragon can be an enjoyable and effective way to promote hydration, especially if they do not readily drink from their water bowl. Fill a shallow basin with lukewarm water, ensuring that it is not too deep for your dragon to stand comfortably. Gently place your dragon in the bath and allow them to soak for about 15-20 minutes. Be present during bath time to ensure their safety.

Potential Hazards

Toxic Foods

Some foods can be toxic or harmful to your bearded dragon and should be avoided. Examples of foods toxic to bearded dragons include avocado, rhubarb, onions, garlic, and chocolate. These can cause a range of issues, from digestive problems and organ damage to poisoning. It’s crucial to research and familiarize yourself with potential food hazards to keep your bearded dragon safe and healthy.

Insect Risks

While insects are an essential part of a bearded dragon’s diet, they can carry potential risks if not managed properly. Prioritize buying insects from trusted sources and ensure they are raised on a healthy diet before offering them to your dragon. Avoid collecting insects from the wild, as they may be exposed to harmful substances like pesticides or parasites. Regularly inspect the insects for any signs of illness or infestation.


Impaction occurs when a bearded dragon ingests indigestible or obstructive materials that cannot be passed through their digestive system. This can result from ingesting inappropriate food items, like large insect prey, fibrous plants, or substrate materials. To minimize the risk of impaction, offer appropriately sized food items and avoid loose substrates that may be accidentally consumed during feeding.

Feeding Inappropriate Sizes

When feeding your bearded dragon insects or other prey items, it’s crucial to consider the size and age of your dragon. Choose prey items that are proportional to their mouth size and age. Large or hard-to-digest prey can lead to choking, impaction, or digestive difficulties. Always monitor your dragon’s feeding process to ensure they can comfortably and safely consume their food.

Poor Gut Health

Maintaining a healthy gut is essential for your bearded dragon’s overall well-being. A balanced and varied diet, proper hydration, and appropriate supplementation play key roles in promoting good gut health. Additionally, minimizing stress, providing a clean and sanitary environment, and avoiding overuse of antibiotics or unnecessary medications are vital for supporting a healthy gut microbiota in your dragon.

In conclusion, understanding and implementing a proper feeding schedule is crucial for the overall health and well-being of your bearded dragon. By providing a variety of vegetables, fruits, insects, and appropriate commercial food, you can ensure their nutritional needs are met. Remember to offer supplements in appropriate quantities and follow a regular feeding routine. Monitoring their feeding behavior and hydration status, while being aware of potential hazards, will help you maintain a happy and healthy bearded dragon companion.